The Holy Bible’s Book of Genesis unpacks all of creation in seven specific steps that are called “days”.
Let us not assume that these days are mere earth days of 23 hours 56 minutes and 4.1 seconds.
In Hindu tradition, for instance, one “day” in the life of Brahma is equivalent to 4.32 billion human years. One day/kalpa plus one night/pralaya make up an ahorātra. Deleting the leading letter ‘a’ and the trailing ‘tra’ from ‘ahorātra’, one is left with the word horā. From the Sanskrit word hora we get the English word hour. A day/kalpa and a night/pralaya of Brahma equate to 8.64 billion human years.
During a kalpa the world and all its inhabitants exist (OUTformation into the lower quadrants), while during a pralaya the world and all beings are in a state of invisible and unconscious dissolution (INformation into the upper quadrants).
Seven days per week is a very old institution, being found in Israel, Babylonia and Egypt in pre–Christian centuries. India may, therefore, have known and used it. But the naming of the seven days of the week from the planets is not very old; for it arose in Egypt in the 2nd century B.C. from Greek astrology.
The Spanish and French named the seven days of the week in honor of the seven celestial objects believed to revolve around the earth. They include the five planets visible from Earth—Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, and Jupiter—plus the sun and moon.
It is easy enough to recognize that Sunday is the day of the Sun and Monday the day of the Moon. Saturday is the day of Saturn.
The other four days are less obvious. They are named for Teutonic deities.
The Saxons’s god, Tiw, was given a day: Tuesday. The Spanish and French call Tuesday “martes” and “mardi” associating this day with the planet Mars.
Wednesday was named for Woden. Woden’s day became Wednesday. In Spanish Wednesday is ”miercoles” and in French “mercredi”. Wednesday is, therefore, connected to the planet Mercury.
Thursday is Thor’s day. Thor is a god who hurls thunder bolts, and so is Jupiter. Jupiter is the planet associated with Thursday.
Friday is Freya’s day. She is the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, as is the goddess Venus. The Spanish and French call Thursday “viernes” and “vendredi”, respectively, linking Friday to Venus.
Approximately four, seven-day weeks, occur within a lunar month (28 days). Thirteen lunar months bring us to 364 days, merely one day shy of our current calendar year.
A year with thirteen full moons instead of twelve posed problems for the monks in charge of the calendars. It upset the regular arrangement of church festivals in years that there were thirteen full moons, hence the number 13 became an anathema. In a typical century, 37 years have thirteen full moons, compared to 63 years that have only twelve.
The solar rather than lunar calendar was adopted. Whether this was due to the difficulties presented when one out of three years had an extra full moon, or whether it was because, in ancient times, the number 13 represented femininity (menstrual cycles follow lunar cycles), we may only speculate.
As a teenager, I did not stop to wonder where the names of each day in the week came from, nor why we have twelve months of varying number of days. Nor did I consider that the Holy Bible may have been written in code. I assumed the Bible statements were to be taken literally.
Repeated from Lucid Dreams and Library Angels:
When I was fifteen I read the creation story of Genesis in the Holy Bible. Having been told the Bible was the infallible word of God, I was perplexed when I got to ‘Days’ Three and Four. On ‘Day Three’ God had Earth bring forth grasses, herbs and other green plants, and on ‘Day Four’ God put the greater and lesser lights in the sky (presumably the sun and moon). As a teenager, I already understood enough about photosynthesis to recognize that this sequence of ‘Days’ was out of order. The proclaimed infallibility of the Bible, as far as I was concerned back then, was overturned by the time I finished five paragraphs.
More than fifty years have passed since then. At my advanced age, I now see things through the lens of Quadernity, without which myriad things, experiences, and concepts would have remained baffling mysteries.
Our modern scientists tell of a Big Bang, an event during which nothing but a pinhead-sized bit of something supposedly explodes to become all that is and ever will be. Ancient scriptures provide creation stories of their own, often involving an instigation (movement/disturbance, spirit/breath, heat/fire, desire/passion) upon a pre-existing substance (cross-scripturally referred to as ‘the waters’).
Through the lens of Quadernity, Creation is an entire process, rather than an event during which something emerges from non-existence into existence. Rather than a single cosmic event that occurred billions of years ago, Creation, as a process, is continually occurring on every scale/dimension and time-frame throughout the universe.
In Quadernity, the process of Creation, or OUTformation, is complemented by the inverse process of INformation. Again, through the lens of Quadernity, we see INformation as a process, rather than merely a bit of data that has the potential to inform.
Using the dual-processes entwined within Quadernity’s lucid-dreams-given models, we find that the “seven days of creation” were correctly sequenced all along. In fact, they could not be ordered in any other way! The more deeply we deduce the essence of each of the seven days, the more we recognize that the ancient creation stories not only agree with each other, but they are also surprisingly agreeable with today’s cutting-edge science!
Thanks to Quadernity, the creation story in Genesis holds fast under the scrutiny of scale, scope, science, and scriptural comparisons.
The universality of Quadernity’s fundamental dynamic offers a perspective equally useful to investigations of both the supposedly-singular occurrence of origination (such as the Big Bang) and of the innumerable streams of creative occurrences (i.e. virtual particles popping into existence, cell divisions, or emergent behaviors).
Numerous translations/versions of the Holy Bible exist. The three most commonly used by Christian churches in America are the English Standard Version (ESV), the King James Version (KJV) and the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV). When I quote from Genesis in this unit, it will be from one of these three versions.
For your reference and comparison, each of the three versions is presented line by line in this Aside: The Seven Days of Creation from Genesis.
For the convenience of readers, the three versions–with their nearly negligible differences emphasized–will be reprinted under the heading of each corresponding day’s chapter.
Just because this unit centers on the Days of Creation as recounted in the Holy Bible’s Book of Genesis, it does not mean that its content will be of interest only to those who practice a Judeo-Christian religion or are aligned with a particular sect or denomination.
In this unit we review the seven days of creation under a new light.
Creation stories are of interest to almost all of us, albeit for different reasons:
- Physicists are interested in how virtual particles pop out of the void.
- Biologists are interested in how new species emerge.
- Chemists are interested in sudden phase transitions.
- Complexity theorists are interested in emergent behaviors.
- Mathematicians are interested to learn how rational numbers can come from the conjugation of irrational numbers.
- We, ourselves, are interested in becoming more effectively creative in all aspects of our lives.
Quadernity, the blog-book, is an artistic expression; it is meant neither as an academic critique of sacred scriptures nor of modern sciences; therefore, I invite you: two billion Christians, one and a half billion Muslims, one billion Hindus, hundreds of millions of Buddhists and Taoists, twenty-five million Sikhs, fourteen million Jews, as well as you: countless eager students of comparative religion, spirituality, philosophy and physics, to please unleash your own curiosity to explore the trans-dogmatic discoveries revealed here, as Quadernity shines “a new light on creation”.
THIS UNIT AND THE FINAL UNIT (THE CREATION STORIES ARE RECONCILED AFTER ALL) REMAIN UNDER CONSTRUCTION.
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